Brooke Lynn Tremblay ‘17: The newly inaugurated President Trump recently took action in the form of an Executive Order, that put a temporary ban on all immigration from the countries of Libya, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen, Iraq, Syria, and Iran.
According to Merriam-Webster.com, an Executive Order is an order issued by a government’s executive on the basis of authority specifically granted to the executive branch. In colloquial language, it is a set of conditions on how the government should act within the confines set by the Constitution.
“Many think that an executive order is a law unto itself, it is not a new law in that sense, but a directive form from the President about how to apply that law,” Romeo High School government teacher, Lori Ferrington said.
Like a bill, Executive Orders must be laid out and documented, officially. The difference is that an Executive Order does not have to be passed through Congress and cannot be overturned in legislation; it is simply enforced by the President immediately after finalization. The judicial branch can check the order if they deem it unconstitutional. Laws can be made to defund the execution of the orders, but the President has the power to veto that law. The most efficient way to reverse an Executive Order is for the following presidential administration to legally reverse the previous administration’s action once they take office.
Recently, Judge James Robart of Seattle temporarily blocked two parts of the immigration ban including the 90-day suspension of entry into the United States from the seven listed countries, and the limits he set on refugees entrance into the country. This is a timely example of the Judicial branch checking an Executive Order, a decision that has been argued since the order’s implementation about a week ago.
You can learn more about Executive Orders at these websites: